Majiayao phase (3300–2500 BC) sites are mostly found on terraces along the upper Wei River valley. This is the upper Bailong River valley of the middle and lower Tao River and Daxia River valleys, in the upper Yellow River valley, the Huangshui River and lower Datong River.
The most distinctive artifacts of the Majiayao culture are the painted pottery. During the Majiayao phase, potters decorated their wares with designs in black pigment featuring sweeping parallel lines and dots. Pottery of the Banshan phase is distinguished by curvilinear designs using both black and red paints. Machang-phase pottery is similar, but often not as carefully finished. Its development is associated with interaction between hunter-gatherers in the Qinghai region and the westward expansion of agricultural Yangshao people.
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